• Print ISSN: 2395 - 1400, Online ISSN: 2455 - 8923

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Original Article

Dog bite and its management: Awareness among the first year students of a Medical College.

11Associate Professor, 2 Post graduate student, 3Professor, 4Professor & Head, 5Professor. Department of Community Medicine, MIMSR Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra.

Abstract

Introduction: Animal bites are major public health issues, not only for the risk of acquiring secondary infections but also for the possibility of contracting rabies. Rabies is a preventable acute and fatal viral infection caused by a single stranded RNA virus. Rabies in India has been a disease of low public health priority in the medical sector. This is very unfortunate as almost 50,000 deaths from rabies occur across the globe of which, 20,000 occur in India every year, making it the country with the highest rabies fatalities in Asia and the second highest in the world. After an animal bite, post-exposure rabies prophylaxis is the only way to prevent rabies disease. Community awareness on all aspects of rabies is generally lacking viz. first aid, management of animal bites, pre & post exposure prophylaxis etc. There are many myths and false beliefs associated with wound management. These include application of oils, turmeric powder, and red chillies on the wounds inflicted by suspect rabid animals, and not washing the wound properly. The present study was undertaken with an objective to assess knowledge regarding Rabies and its prevention among the first year medical college students.

Objectives: To assess the knowledge regarding dog bites, rabies and post exposure prophylaxis following an animal bite among the first year Medical students.

Methods: This study was a descriptive study conducted at MIMSR Medical College Latur using a pre tested questionnaire.

Result: A total 131 first year students included in this study. 66(51.9%) were males and rest were females 63(48.1%). 113(98.26%) knew that rabies is caused by dog bite, 89(67.94%) knew that rabies is caused by virus. 78(59.54%) knew that rabies is transmitted through bite of animal. Among the participant, 116 (88.55%) were aware about the vaccine availability and 110(94.82%) knew vaccine is available in Government hospital.

Conclusion: Majority of the MBBS students of the first year knew that rabies is caused by virus which is transmitted through dog bite 113(86%) students knew about symptoms and post exposure measures correctly. Students had poor knowledge about the other modes of transmission animal that can transmit rabies and number of doses of Anti Rabies Vaccine.

Key words: Dog bite, Rabies, Anti Rabies Vaccine.