• Print ISSN: 2395 - 1400, Online ISSN: 2455 - 8923

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Original Article

Clinical and disability profile of diabetic patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital: A cross-sectional study

1Professor and Head, 2Intern, Department of Community Medicine, Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Narketpally, Nalgonda, Telangana state, India.


Background: Diabetes mellitus has gained importance in public health due to increasing number of cases and disease related complications. Along with the disease and its complications, there is also an adverse impact on the quality of life of the patients.

Materials and Methods: A total of 80 diabetic patients with diabetes mellitus with or without complications admitted in the tertiary care hospital were the study subjects. A pre-structured questionnaire with socio-demographic and clinical details and relevant disability subscales from WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 was used.

Results: Mean duration of diabetes among study subjects was 8.18 years and 76.3% of the patients had diabetes related complications. Out of the 80 study subjects, 57(71.3%) had family history of diabetes and among those, 6(7.5%) had family history of diabetic complications. When disability subscales were administered, 6.3% of the patients were unable to perform their daily activities on their own. 16.3% were extremely unable to participate in community activities and 12.5% found it impossible to emotionally cope up with their diabetic status. 31(38.8%) participants lost their jobs due to the severity of diabetes and related complications.

Conclusions: The mean duration of diabetes explains chronicity of the illness and risk of development of complications. The presence of a family history of diabetes indicates the need for implementing primordial and primary prevention strategies to prevent diabetes among risk groups. Disability profile shows deterioration in quality of life and the need for addressing this problem.

Key words: Diabetes, diabetic complications, disability